What are the facts?
Black men aged over 65 have a better survival rate than white men with lung cancer at both one and three years since diagnosis
Although people from BME groups are less likely to get cancer, certain lifestyle factors can increase the risk of cancer in these groups. For Bangladeshi men who chew betel and other tobacco containing products there can be a higher incidence of oropharyngeal cancers.
What are the risk factors to be aware of?
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the UK. Primary lung cancer is cancer that starts in the lung. If cancer starts elsewhere in the body and spreads to the lungs, this is secondary lung cancer.
There are two main types of primary lung cancer, which behave and respond to treatment differently.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Symptoms can include any of the following:
A cough that doesn't go away after 2 or 3 weeks
A long-standing cough that gets worse
Chest infections that keep coming back
Coughing up blood
An ache or pain when breathing or coughing
Lung cancer is sometimes diagnosed in people who don't have any symptoms, but who are having a chest X-ray or scan for another problem.
Action to take:
If you have any of these symptoms for more than three weeks, it's important to have them checked by your GP. All of these symptoms may also be caused by illnesses other than cancer.
Your GP will ask you about your symptoms and medical history and whether or not you smoke. They may wait and see if your symptoms improve on their own, especially if you are younger and have never smoked. Your GP will then refer you for a chest x-ray, a scan or an urgent clinic at the hospital, if they think your symptoms may be caused by lung cancer. You can read more here. (BUPA)
Visit our lung cancer toolkit for more information.
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